From 2007 to 2010, the United States education system was shocked by the nuanced and often controversial policies of former D.C. education chancellor Michelle Rhee. Upon accepting the
chancellorship, Rhee encountered a system fraught with underperforming students and teachers, despite hav- ing the third highest spending per student in the nation. Rather than continue to exist within a system where out- comes achieved were disconnected from investment put in, Rhee instead chose to promote a new reality in which base teacher salary, and the potential for subsequent raises and bonuses, were directly tied to strong student achieve- ment. Teachers received points (and therefore bonuses and raises) based on good performance, and were fired for insufficient point accumulation.